| Zuletzt Online: 20.07.2022
16. Juli 1982
Lophophora williamsii (generally called peyote) is a tiny, spineless cactus with psychedelic alkaloids, especially mescaline. Peyote uses crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), an alternate kind of photosynthesis that exists in succulents such as cacti as well as various other desert plants. As a result, its transcriptome can be taken into consideration an important resource for future research concentrated on recognizing how these plants make more efficient use water in marginal atmospheres as well as likewise for research concentrated on far better understanding of the general devices leading to production of plant all-natural products as well as second metabolites. The "Peyote" is a tiny, fleshy cactus without backs that expands wild in the Mexican highlands and also in the deserts of South-western United States. Peyote belongs to the genus Lophophora, which includes 2 types, L. williamsii and also L. diffusa. This lophophora williamsii plant is capable of producing large amounts of alkaloids with psychotropic activity, such as β-phenylethylamine or tetrahydroisoquinoline, which are stemmed from the amino acid tyrosine. The feature of the majority of alkaloids in plants is uncertain and also their value in metabolic process is extremely questionable. Alkaloids are heterocyclic compounds which contain a nitrogen atom. The setting of the nitrogen atom in the hydrocarbon ring differs amongst various alkaloids as well as different plant households. The degrees of alkaloids in plants additionally vary from trace amounts to as much as 10 % of completely dry weight, and also a single plant types could contain over one thousand of different types. The majority of alkaloids are very harmful and also as a result have the prospective to function in the chemical defense toolbox of plants versus assault by herbivores and also microbes. Due to the fact that of their pronounced physiological as well as clinical homes, alkaloids have generally been of wonderful passion to people. Peyote mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine) is a class I hallucinogenic alkaloid, and although it is chemically unconnected to lysergic acid diethyl amide (LSD), the hallucinogenic results of mescaline are similar to those of LSD, albeit longer long lasting.
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